Total area: 8,515,767 km2
National Currency: Real (R$) (BRL)
Local time: GMT -2 to -5 hours.
International telephone code: +55
Geographical location: Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47 percent of the continent of South America.
Neighbour countries: Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Independence: - Declared 7 September 1822 | Recognized 29 August 1825 | Republic 15 November 1889 | Current constitution 5 October 1988
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Ethnicity: 47.73% White, 43.13% Pardoa, 7.61% Black, 1.09% Asian, 0.43% Amerindian
Religion: Roman Catholicism 64.6%, Protestantism 22.2%, No religion 8.0%, Spiritism 2.0%, Others 3.2%
Destinations: Among the most popular destinations in Brazil are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city. Also there is one of the seven natural wonders of the world which is Uguassu Falls, located in the south of Brazil in Parana state.
Climate: Brazil hosts five major climatic subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, temperate, and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from equatorial rainforests in the north and semiarid deserts in the northeast, to temperate coniferous forests in the south and tropical savannas in central Brazil.
National anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro